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What Chemical Kills Bed Bugs and Their Eggs

From the Puffy Editorial Team | 5 min read.
What Chemical Kills Bed Bugs and Their Eggs

When a bed bug infestation takes hold, it’s not just the adult bugs that are the problem. The eggs they lay are equally, if not more, troubling. These eggs can hatch new generations of bed bugs, making eradication efforts all the more challenging.

If you’re asking, “What chemical kills bed bugs and their eggs?” then you’re asking the right question. This guide aims to give you a well-rounded answer, along with alternative methods to help you regain control over your living environment.

What Kills Bed Bugs and Their Eggs?

Identifying the right chemicals and methods to kill bed bugs and their eggs is essential for an effective eradication strategy. The main categories include:

  1. Pesticides: Such as pyrethroids and neonicotinoids.
  2. Natural Insecticides: Like diatomaceous earth.
  3. Heat Treatments: Such as steam cleaning.
  4. Cold Treatments: Freezing temperatures can also be effective.

When considering an overall strategy for bed bug eradication, selecting a mattress that’s easy to clean and maintain, like a Puffy Lux Mattress, can be a strong preventative measure. These mattresses come with machine-washable, zip-off covers, allowing you to eliminate any hiding spots for bed bugs and their eggs.

How to Kill Bed Bug Eggs

Eggs are the future of the bed bug population in your home. Therefore, eliminating them is crucial. Here are some tips:

  • Chemical Sprays: Specially designed sprays can be effective but must be applied directly.
  • Manual Removal: Using tweezers or similar tools to pick them up, followed by hot water treatment.
  • Professional Help: Sometimes, the infestation is too widespread for DIY methods to work.

What Chemical Kills Bed Bugs and Their Eggs?

If you're looking for a targeted chemical solution to eliminate both adult bed bugs and their eggs, you'll want to consider a few types of insecticides that are commonly used for this purpose:

  1. Pyrethroids and Pyrethrins: These are synthetic chemical insecticides that mimic the natural insecticidal properties of the chrysanthemum flower. They are commonly used in a variety of bug sprays and are quite effective against adult bed bugs. However, many strains of bed bugs have developed resistance to pyrethroids, and the efficacy against eggs can be variable.
  2. Neonicotinoids: These are synthetic forms of nicotine and are used in newer and more effective bed bug sprays. They act on the nervous system of the bug, causing paralysis and death. They are generally effective against eggs as well.
  3. Insect Growth Regulators (IGRs): These chemicals mimic hormones in the bugs, disrupting their life cycle. IGRs like hydroprene and methoprene inhibit the maturity of younger bed bugs and can prevent eggs from hatching, although they're generally not effective at killing adult bugs.
  4. Boric Acid: Though not a traditional insecticide, boric acid acts as a stomach poison affecting the bugs' metabolism and can also abrade their exoskeleton. It is less effective on eggs.
  5. Fipronil: Found in some of the newer types of bed bug sprays, fipronil is highly effective at killing both adult bugs and eggs, acting on both the nervous and muscular systems of the insects.

What Temperature Kills Bed Bugs and Their Eggs?

Heat is one of the most effective ways to kill both bed bugs and their eggs. The lethal temperature is around 113°F for bed bugs and 118°F for their eggs, sustained for at least 90 minutes. Some ways to apply heat include:

  • Hot Water Wash
  • Steam Cleaning
  • Professional Heat Treatment

Check out Puffy mattress reviews from real customers and see how we compare with other brands.

Does Heat Kill Bed Bug Eggs?

Absolutely. In fact, heat is often the go-to method for many professional exterminators when it comes to killing bed bug eggs. It is effective, eco-friendly, and usually faster than chemical treatments.

Does Cold Kill Bed Bugs and Their Eggs?

Freezing temperatures can also kill bed bugs, but they are not as effective on the eggs. To ensure elimination, items must be left in freezing temperatures for several days, and not all materials can withstand this treatment.

Does Alcohol Kill Bed Bug Eggs?

Alcohol can kill bed bugs on contact, but its efficacy on eggs is less reliable. High concentrations, usually around 91%, may be somewhat effective but are also flammable and should be used cautiously.

Will Vinegar Kill Bed Bug Eggs?

Vinegar is often touted as a natural remedy, but its efficacy against bed bug eggs is questionable. It might kill adult bugs, but eggs are usually more resilient.

Will a Dryer Kill Bed Bug Eggs?

A dryer can indeed kill bed bug eggs, given the high heat levels reached during a typical drying cycle. However, you must ensure that the heat permeates all layers of the fabric for effective eradication.

Investing in a quality mattress can also be part of your strategy against bed bugs. Puffy Cloud Mattress comes with a 101-night trial, enabling you to determine whether its easy-to-clean features contribute positively to your anti-bed bug measures.

Will Bleach Kill Bed Bugs and Their Eggs?

Bleach can be effective but is a risky choice due to its corrosive and toxic nature. It’s essential to follow all safety precautions if you opt for bleach.

Does Steam Kill Bed Bug Eggs?

Steam treatment is a particularly effective way to kill bed bug eggs. The steam permeates fabric and other materials, killing eggs hidden deep within.


The fight against bed bugs and their eggs is a challenging one, requiring a multi-pronged approach. While chemical treatments are often effective, alternative methods like heat and cold treatments can also be successful.

Use our store locator to find the closest furniture or mattress store near you and feel the cloudlike comfort of our Puffy Mattress in person.

In the journey to reclaim your living space from these unwelcome invaders, every bit of knowledge and every effective tool can make a difference. Being informed about what chemical kills bed bugs and their eggs is an excellent first step.

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