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What Is a Mattress Made Of: Unraveling the Layers

From the Puffy Editorial Team | 4 min read.
What Is a Mattress Made Of: Unraveling the Layers

The quality of your mattress significantly affects your sleep quality and, by extension, your overall health and well-being. Understanding the materials and construction of various types of mattresses can help you make informed decisions when purchasing a new mattress. This guide dives into the composition of different mattress types and what sets each apart.

What Is a Mattress Made Out Of?

The components of a mattress vary based on its type and the manufacturer’s design philosophy.

Common Materials:

  • Coils or Springs: Used in innerspring mattresses for support.
  • Foams: Including memory foam, polyurethane foam, and latex foam, used for cushioning and comfort.
  • Fabrics: Covering the exterior, typically made from cotton, polyester, or blends.

Structural Layers:

  • Support Core: Provides the mattress’s main support.
  • Comfort Layer: Offers cushioning and pressure relief.
  • Cover: Encases the entire mattress for protection and added comfort.

How Is a Mattress Made?

The manufacturing process of a mattress varies depending on its type and materials.

Manufacturing Steps:

  • Layering: Different layers, such as foam, springs, and additional padding, are assembled.
  • Quilting: The top layer is often quilted for extra comfort.
  • Encasing: The entire assembly is encased in the outer fabric cover.

For example, in the case of Puffy mattresses, the emphasis is on combining various foam layers with a breathable cover to ensure comfort and support.

What Is a Hybrid Mattress Made Of?

Hybrid mattresses combine the support of springs with the comfort of foam.

Composition of a Hybrid Mattress:

  • Coil System: Usually made of individually wrapped pocket coils.
  • Foam Layers: Memory foam, latex, or gel-infused foam for comfort.
  • Base Foam: Provides a stable foundation for the coil system.


  • Support and Comfort: Offers the benefits of both innerspring and foam mattresses.
  • Pressure Relief: Foam layers contour to the body, relieving pressure points.

Interested in how Puffy stacks up against other brands? Check out our mattress comparisons: Puffy vs Purple, Puffy vs Nectar, Puffy vs Casper, Puffy vs Leesa, Puffy vs Saatva, Puffy vs DreamCloud, and Puffy vs Tuft and Needle.

What Is Foam Mattress Made Of?

Foam mattresses, known for their pressure-relieving properties, are made entirely of foam.

Types of Foam Used:

  • Memory Foam: Viscoelastic foam that molds to the body.
  • Polyurethane Foam: A less dense and more affordable foam option.
  • Latex Foam: Made from natural or synthetic rubber, offering a bouncier feel.

Layering in Foam Mattresses:

  • Top Comfort Layers: Memory foam or latex for contouring and comfort.
  • Support Core: High-density polyfoam for durability and support.

Brands like Puffy utilize advanced foam technologies to provide a balance of comfort, support, and durability in their mattresses.

Mattress Materials and Health

The materials used in a mattress can have implications for health and allergies.

Health Considerations:

  • Hypoallergenic Materials: Essential for allergy sufferers.
  • Off-Gassing: Some foams can emit a chemical smell initially due to volatile organic compounds (VOCs).
  • Certifications: Look for certifications like CertiPUR-US for assurance of low VOC emissions.

Check out Puffy mattress reviews from real customers and see how we compare with other brands.

How to Choose the Right Mattress Material

Selecting the right mattress material involves considering several personal factors.

Selection Guide:

  • Sleeping Position: Side sleepers may prefer softer foam mattresses, while stomach and back sleepers might opt for firmer options.
  • Body Type: Heavier individuals may require more support, often found in hybrid or innerspring mattresses.
  • Temperature Preferences: Some materials, like gel-infused foam, offer better temperature regulation.


The materials and construction of your mattress play a crucial role in the quality of sleep you receive. Whether it’s an innerspring, foam, or hybrid mattress, each type offers unique benefits suited to different sleeping preferences and needs.

Use our store locator to find the closest furniture or mattress store near you and feel the cloudlike comfort of our Puffy Mattress in person.

Understanding these variations can help you choose a mattress that aligns with your personal comfort preferences and health considerations. In the pursuit of perfect sleep, considering a well-crafted mattress like those offered by Puffy can be a step towards achieving restful nights and energetic days.

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  • Up to $2,000 In Savings
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  • 100% Made in the USA
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