When you think about sleep, what comes to mind first? You might think of how many hours you sleep or how you feel when you wake-up in the morning. But there is more to it than this. The question of how to get better sleep is fascinating.
On the one hand, we know that sleep is an individual action. But to sleep well and live better depends on a vast range of internal and external factors working in synergy.
Sleep is an interconnected function of the mind and body. Your physical health, mental health, diet, attitude routine, and sleep environment all play a unique role in contributing to your sleep cycle.
To sleep well, you have to find the right balance. Read on to discover how to improve your sleep and explore the life-changing benefits that will follow.
Sleep isn’t as simple as most people think. The action is simple enough: you lay down, close your eyes and drift off into dreamland. However, the physiological process of sleep is intricate. We sleep in five stages, and each stage of sleep is dynamic. To sleep well and wake-up feeling completely rested, you need to experience each stage of sleep at least four times each night.
The five sleep stages are divided into two distinct categories: non-rapid eye movement sleep (NREM) and rapid eye movement sleep (REM). Stages one, two, three, and four of sleep are NREM stages. Stage five of sleep is the only REM stage - this is where the brain is most active.
Here’s a breakdown of what happens during each stage of sleep, how long it goes for, and the benefits you experience.
Stage 1: Wakefulness
Duration: 5 - 10 minutesWhat happens?
The first stage of sleep is called wakefulness. You’re not completely asleep, but you are getting close. During this stage of sleep, the body starts winding down. You start taking slow and long breaths, and the heart rate begins to slow down as well. While this stage doesn’t last for too long, the sleep cycle plays a significant role in setting up the consequent stages for success.
It can be easy to wake-up during this stage of sleep so keep distractions to a minimum. It helps to keep devices out of sight and to sleep in a dark and quiet space.
Stage 2: Light sleep
Duration: 20 minutesWhat happens?
Critical milestones of this stage of sleep include a decrease in body temperature and sleep spindles production. Sleep spindles are sudden bursts of brainwave activity that contribute to memory consolidation. If you’re more forgetful than usual, you might be skimping out on stage 2 sleep.
Stage 3 & 4: Deep sleep
Duration: 20 - 40 minutesWhat happens?
These are the longest stages of sleep. If you wake-up during this stage, you are likely to feel very disoriented. Stages 3 and 4 are also critical stages for immunity, cell regeneration, and healing.
Duration: 10 - 30 minutes (last longer after each cycle)What happens?
Breathing increases, heart rate increases, and brain activity spikes during the REM sleep stage. It’s the stage of sleep where dreams occur, and areas of the brain are most stimulated, making it the essential sleep stage for learning.
You’re not exactly consciously awake as you transition between the stages of sleep, but knowing they exist is critical if you want to sleep well. Troubled sleepers usually have issues with one or more of the sleep stages; therefore, understanding the stages of sleep will help you troubleshoot solutions.
Want to know how to get better sleep, fast? Take a peek under your sheets. Investing in a good sleeping surface is a good idea, but if you have aches and pains or trouble sleeping, it’s a must. It can be close to impossible to have a healthy sleep cycle and sleep well when you have an old and lumpy bed that creates soreness each morning.
Ask yourself this: Does my mattress improve my sleep? If the answer is no, you’re in dire need of an upgrade.
Finding the right size and type of mattress can help even the most troubled sleepers reinvigorate their entire sleep experience. The fact is, not everyone sleeps the same - and your mattress needs to cater to your unique needs. The following information will make finding the most comfortable bed a breeze.
Types of mattresses - The best thing about mattress shopping today is that you are spoilt for choice. But that doesn’t mean comparing mattresses should be hard - you need to know how to pick a mattress that works for your sleeping style, not against it. There are two standout mattress types that can help just about anyone to sleep well: memory foam mattresses and hybrid mattresses.
When you invest in the best mattress, you’re bound to sleep well and have more energy throughout the day.
Best bedding for sleep - Your bedding matters too, especially if you are a hot sleeper or are sensitive to allergens. Not only will quality bedding help you sleep well and fast, but you will also find that the right set of bed sheets, or the perfect comforter, will also help regulate the temperature so you don’t wake-up in sweats.
When you combine the best mattress with bedding and pillows that suit your body temperature and sleeping style, you’re in good stead to get the sleep you’ve always wanted.
The bedroom can be a highly distracting place if it’s not designed for sleep. Televisions, computers, large bookshelves, and general clutter is never a good idea in the bedroom, especially if you have a small bedroom.
Reevaluating your bedroom layout can help you sleep well, even as the seasons change. When you audit your bedroom, some of the key elements to assess are temperature, air quality, and clutter.
Now that you understand the dynamics of how sleep works and how to design the best sleep environment in your bedroom, let’s explore external factors that are directly linked to the quality of your sleep.
It’s not just what you do at night that counts towards sleeping well. Peripheral factors such as diet, fitness, and stress all contribute to higher quality sleep.
A perfect lifestyle doesn’t exist, but it’s more than possible to limit bad habits if you want to sleep well. Here are some of the most common bad habits to avoid if you want to sleep well:
The relationship between sleeping well and lifestyle is intertwined. Unhealthy choices can negatively impact good sleep; however, a few small lifestyle tweaks can lead to some very positive changes. It’s all about balance.
The best way to make any improvement is to take it slow. We all have examples of monumental fails. For most people, too much change all at once rarely ever works.
It’s not different when you want to sleep well. 61% of Americans we surveyed in the Puffy Sleep Survey revealed they are getting the worst sleep ever. Like them, if you want to improve your sleeping habits, it’s best to take it slow and create a flexible routine.
Life often throws many unexpected events our way that can prevent quality sleep. But that doesn't mean you can’t sleep well most of the time. The trick to mastering your mornings is to create a flexible bedtime routine.
As a rule, it’s crucial to have a strict sleep and wake-up time and adhere to it even on weekends. Creating pockets of consistency helps prepare the mind and body for a change of schedule. After all, some late nights are inevitable. Life will always throw curveballs at your routine, but if you stick to it most of the time, you are less likely to experience prolonged bouts of fatigue and sleep deprivation.
For example, if you’re able to clock 7 - 8 hours of sleep for the majority of the week, your late Friday night won’t make too much of a dent in your routine. It will be comfortable to sleep well, even after a late night here and there.
The flip side isn’t so easy. If you spend the majority of the week in a state of sleep deprivation, then one night of good sleep won’t do much for you - you’ll need at least two weeks to start shaping your sleep cycle so you can sleep well again.
Having a good bedtime and morning routine creates room for flexibility, so you never have to feel like you are in a sleep deficit.
While hustle culture has particular merits, it’s not a sustainable long-term strategy. Many people think they can cope with 4 hours of sleep forever, but the fact is, it creeps up on you.
A 2018 study into sleep duration found that 4 hours of sleep per night was equivalent to aging 8 years. Reduced sleeping duration also showed problems with memory, learning, immune function, and increased risk of depression and sleep apnea.
Life can be a balancing act between work, family, getting in shape, goals, and endless lists of things you need to get done. And while sacrificing sleep may give you the illusion that you get more time in the day, you put your health at risk when you don’t sleep well.
Your body depends on your sleep cycle to function correctly. To get more done, change your attitude towards rest. Sleeping well and relaxing is proven to deliver more energy, better cognition, increased productivity, so you can reach your goals faster.
Isn’t it funny that the most remarkable thing we can do for our health and well-being is actually free of charge and incredibly comfy? But for some, the question of how to get better sleep makes them nervous. They don’t know where to start. It merely comes down to changing habits and learning new sleep tips.
Don’t send that last email. Don’t watch that next episode close to bedtime. Wait until the morning to catch up on social media feeds. It can be effortless to make an excuse for not sleeping well, yet just a few changes can deliver a host of benefits that will help you get more done.
To round up this comprehensive guide about how to get better sleep, here are some of the extraordinary benefits that you will experience when you sleep well.
To sleep well isn’t a luxury, it’s a necessity. From tonight, try and make even the slightest improvement to your sleep. Small changes like investing in the best mattress, going to sleep just 10 minutes earlier, or putting an end to late-night scrolling, can uplift your health and wellness, bringing you closer to your best self.
How do you plan on improving your sleep routine? Let us know in the comments below.
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Disclaimer. We love sleep and we want you to get the best sleep possible. But we do not provide medical advice. This blog is intended for informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional medical info, diagnosis, or treatment. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on our blog.